She says by imposing the tariffs, the U.S.is harming its own people when the American economy is already suffering its worst crisis since the Great Depression.
On Thursday August 6 afternoon, Trump declared his choice to inflict the new tax on Canadian raw aluminum from Canada as of August 16, citing nationwide safety concerns as the basis for hitting Canada with the tax.
Canadian aluminum is not a threat to US national security, she said.
The Aluminum Association, which says it represents companies that produce 70% of the aluminum and aluminum products shipped in North America, said the move undermined the new U.S. -Mexico-Canada trade agreement at a time when domestic demand was already down almost 25% year-to-date. USA aluminum producers have said they are hurting due to a surge of the metal from Canada.
Doug Ford, the premier of Ontario, Canada's most populous province, said Ms. Freeland should slap tariffs on every available item possible, and that citizens should skip over American products and to opt to buy Canadian-made goods. The United States agreed to lift the tariffs in May 2019 in order to secure congressional approve for a new trade deal with Canada and Mexico.
"They should not be imposed", she said, pointing out that the washing machines at the Whirlpool plant where Trump made the announcement will become more expensive for Americans and less competitive globally as a result. She did not say if the retaliatory tariffs would affect only USA aluminum or would extend to other exports.
"Canadian aluminium producers have broken that commitment", Trump said on Thursday.
During a campaign speech at a factory in Ohio Thursday afternoon, Trump accused Canada of taking advantage of the United States and flooding the country with aluminum exports and killing US aluminum jobs. The tariffs do not apply to downstream aluminum products. "On the contrary - Canadian aluminum is essential for US industry, including the USA defence industry".
"Claims of a "surge" of primary aluminum imports from Canada are simply not accurate", said Tom Dobbins, the association's president.
Freeland - in overall charge of relations with the United States - will formally respond to the tariffs at 11 am (1500 GMT) on Friday, her office said in a statement.
Freeland said she is very confident that the trade in steel between Canada and the U.S.is "balanced, reciprocal and mutually beneficial".
Tariffs introduced by Ottawa will raise costs for Canadians, Warner said, but said those added costs are unlikely to make a noticeable difference to average consumers.
The tariffs of 10% will only affect the unalloyed aluminum.
They said they had government data discounting a "surge", and argued that current import levels are largely consistent with historical trends.
Bruce Heyman, a former US ambassador to Canada, said he has not heard specifically that steel will be targeted.
The new US tariffs will destabilize Canada's industry and supply chains in an economy already struggling amid the COVID-19 pandemic, said President of the Aluminum Association of Canada Jean Simard.
To be sure, there's only so much benefit that Canadian producers can gain from sales of value-added products.