The mission marked the first time that astronauts have launched from American soil since the final Space Shuttle flight in 2011. The rocket fired for two minutes, with the booster performing nominally.
The space agency conducted a full-scale booster test for its Space Launch System (SLS) rocket in Promontory, Utah, on Wednesday.
NASA and lead contractor Northrop Grumman completed the Flight Support Booster-1 (FSB-1) test in Promontory, Utah.
The base would be used as a checkpoint between Earth and Mars while also allowing astronauts to study the Moon in close detail.
NASA's planned Space Launch System rocket and solid-propellant boosters, made up of five propellant segments. The FSB-1 test was for the Artemis program, in which "NASA will land the first woman and next man on the Moon by 2024, using innovative technologies to explore more of the lunar surface than ever before", a NASA statement says.
The booster was sacked for just over two minutes, the same duration that flight versions of the booster will be fired for during an SLS mission.
The test is also essential as it would help NASA and the Northrop Grumman evaluate motor manufacturing and performance, according to a NASA commentator during the live stream event before the rocket was ignited. For comparison, the liquid-fueled Saturn 5 rocket built for NASA's Apollo moon program - the most powerful rocket successfully launched to date - was rated at 7.5 million pounds of thrust. The SLS rocket program is called Artemis and is managed at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. "Experience gained there will enable humanity's next giant leap: sending humans to Mars". The full-scale booster firing was conducted with new materials and processes that may be used for NASA's Space Launch System (SLS) rocket boosters. During this mission, scheduled to last three weeks, the Orion spacecraft will not only fly to the Moon but sail thousands of kilometres beyond it.