While our Moon is airless, research indicates the presence of hematite, a form of rust that normally requires oxygen and water.
But the evidence was there. The probe likewise brought an instrument constructed by NASA that might evaluate the moon's mineral structure.
Ahead of a slew of new missions to Earth's natural satellite, researchers have detected a freakish and unexpected anomaly on the lunar surface: the airless, liquid water-free Moon is rusting.
The Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) maiden mission to the Moon has revealed that there may be rusting on the Earth's natural satellite. "The moon is a awful environment for hematite to form".
Sharing the disbelief of Li at first and refusing to believe the finding, Fraeman and Sun later confirmed the finding.
When researchers from NASA and the Aerospace Institute of Geophysics and Planetology recently analyzed the data, they were surprised to find signs of hematite, a form of iron oxide known as forest. Rust results when oxygen removes electrons from iron; Hydrogen does the opposite by adding electrons, which means it is very hard to form rust on a hydrogen-rich moon.
In addition, hydrogen in solar wind blasts the lunar surface, which acts in opposition to oxidation. "This suggested that Earth's oxygen could be driving the formation of hematite", Li says.
The Moon is constantly bombarded by solar particles coming from the Sun. The moon enters this tail three days before completion, and takes six days to cross the tail and exit the other side.
And, while the Earth has a magnetic field shielding it from this hydrogen, the Moon does not.
During these six days, Earth's magnetic tail covers the moon's surface with electrons, and all sorts of odd things can happen.
The magnetic tail also blocks nearly all solar winds throughout the moon - meaning the moon is temporarily protected from a hydrogen explosion, opening a window to rust. Dust particles may float on the surface of the moon from the earth, and moon dust may fly away in a dust storm, According to NASA.
In a freakish discovery, planetary scientists have detected oxidized iron mineral hematite on the surface of Moon even though the celestial body lacks both oxygen and liquid water for its formation.
"This discovery will reshape our knowledge about the moon's polar regions", Li said. This time Li found that the spectra of the poles of the Moon had a very different kind of composition than the rest of its surface.
But some questions remain unanswered - for instance, though most of the rust was found on the nearside of the moon, some smaller traces were also detected on its far side, where the Earth's oxygen shouldn't be able to reach. Humanity knows that there's no liquid water nor air to breathe on the cosmic object that revolves around our planet every day.
To gather more data for these unsolved mysteries, NASA is developing a new version of the tool that collected all this existing data on the lunar mineralization.
Lastly, the paper posits that scarce water molecules found on the lunar surface could be released by fast-moving dust particles that regularly pelt the Moon.