20 Indian troops were killed in a clash in June there.
Saturday's handover took place two days after a meeting in Moscow between the Indian and Chinese foreign ministers, who said they had agreed to "disengage" from the frontier as soon as possible. Currently, some countries are using their technological advantages to brazenly monitor other countries and steal their information, Wang said. Foreign Minister Lavrov welcomed Pakistan's participation in the forthcoming Kavkaz military exercise scheduled to be held in Russian Federation later this month.
However, the two countries reached an agreement during talks between External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi on Thursday evening for a five-point roadmap including quick disengagement of troops and avoiding any action that could escalate tensions for resolving the four-month-long face-off, while noting that the current situation at their border is not in the interest of either side.
China supports border troops of both sides strengthening talks to solve issues and hopes to keep communicating with India via diplomatic and military channels to restore peace in the area, Wang said. "The presence of such large concentration of troops was not in accordance with the 1993 and 1996 Agreements and created flash points along the LAC", the India side told the Chinese, according to the foreign ministry. A joint statement after the RIC meeting said the ministers exchanged views on further strengthening of Russia-India-China trilateral cooperation as well as "topical issues of global and regional importance, in the spirit of mutual understanding, friendship and trust".
But since the altercation in June, border protocols for peaceful disengagement began to show signs of breaking down. As the incident escalated tensions, both India and Chinese militaries amassed additional troops, battle tanks and other weaponry in further strengthening of their respective forward positions along the LAC.
Similarly, both sides have also underlined that they will strongly adhere to existing bilateral border pacts and protocol. He believes that even though both were ready for a confrontation, war would be "catastrophic for both countries and the wider region". The weather too is harsh during the night. The higher ridges of the Galwan Valley are known to produce harsh and inhospitable weather conditions during winter. "It will be a tall order for both sides to muster the willingness to stand down, despite the pledges made at the negotiating table", Kugelman said.
The Indian Express is now on Telegram. The two countries fought a war in 1962 that ended in an uneasy truce, attempts starting in the 1990s to formalize their frontiers have stalled. All such individuals were brought back home safely after consistent efforts and coordination by Indian Army in the past, said a defence spokes person.
The government has been under consistent attack from the Congress leaders, spearheaded by Rahul Gandhi, over the stand-off with China at the Line of Actual Control.
"The meeting discussed the agreement reached between the two countries", said a source. The statement put out this week included an agreement "to continue to have dialogue and communication".
Wang also told Jaishankar all personnel and equipment that have trespassed at the border must be moved to de-escalate the situation.
While the future is uncertain, it is looking optimistic.
"There used to be a buffer which the two sides used to respect".