It also paves the way for such developments as plants and livestock with greater disease resistance and safer transplants of animal organs into humans.
"This type of research will always lead potentially to a way to discover new pathways that could be useful for developing therapeutics against bacteria", Charpentier said during a call with the Nobel Prize committee, "but also as a way to find new mechanisms to target genes and their expression".
"It has not only revolutionised basic science, but also resulted in innovative crops and will lead to ground-breaking new medical treatments".
Gustafsson said that as a result, any genome can now be edited "to fix genetic damage". The duo figured out how to reprogram S. pyogenes' genetic scissors and simplified its components. "Perhaps the dream of curing genetic diseases will come true". Jennifer A. Doudna, born 1964 in Washington, D.C, USA. PhD.
Among the most promising therapies being studied are those to treat eye diseases and blood disorders, such as sickle cell disease and beta thalassemia, she said.
Doudna told reporters that it was "great for especially younger women to see this and to see that women's work can be recognised as much as men's". "I was sound asleep".
When asked about the significance of two women winning, Charpentier said that while she considers herself first and foremost a scientist, she hoped it would encourage others.
It's the first time that two women have shared the Nobel Prize.
The 2020 chemistry prize marks only the fourth time that a Nobel in the sciences was awarded exclusively to women.
In an epoch-making experiment, they then reprogrammed the genetic scissors. But responsible use of this technology has the power to improve the lives of millions of people, she wrote.
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"It's really interesting to think about the ability to program CRISPR to be detecting not only the the current coronavirus, but also other viruses", she explained in the interview in September. "How do you control something like that?"
Needless to say, research by the two scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry today has the potential to change the course of humanity.
Given that, is it little wonder Doudna and Charpentier took home the Nobel Prize in Chemistry this year?
Annual prizes for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, peace and literature were established in the will of Alfred Nobel, the Swedish inventor of dynamite, who died in 1896.
The Nobel Foundation announced last month it was increasing the amount awarded for individual prizes to 10 million kronor (US$1.1 million), from 9 million kronor previously, to reflect a rise in the returns generated on its capital.