When do new covid rules start?
In a sign Tory thinking on a national lockdown could be changing, Sir Bernard Jenkin, chairman of the Liaison Committee, which scrutinises the Prime Minister, told Times Radio he thought it was better to go for a "short, sharp, shock" lockdown in order to reach "manageable levels before Christmas".
Northern England has been particularly hard hit by a new surge of the deadly virus that has forced local lockdowns as students returned to schools and universities.
Any scientists doubted whether the regulations had gone far enough.
The British government faced renewed pressure today after indications it had ignored scientific advice three weeks ago for tougher restrictions to cut rising coronavirus infections.
The government has rejected the idea.
Areas in Tier 2 include areas in Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Warrington, Derbyshire, Lancashire, West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, Tees Valley, the West Midlands, Leicester, Nottingham and parts of North East England including Newcastle, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham and Northumberland. The advice was ignored, and daily cases have more than tripled to over 13,000 a day now.
The extraordinary rift between Johnson and his team of scientific advisers was illustrated at Monday's Downing Street press conference, where Johnson and Chris Whitty, the chief medical officer, were explaining the new three-tier lockdown system.
He also said ministers should have closed more pubs and bars than they did on Monday in a bid to stem transmission.
Under the rules announced by Johnson pubs that serve substantial meals can stay open while purely drinking establishments will have to close in high risk areas. The Liverpool area in the northwest became the first part of the country in the highest category, requiring bars, gyms and other businesses to shut, perhaps for months.
Having been criticised for a lack of outreach to mayors and councils, Mr Johnson's office has stressed that the latest measures had been discussed with local leaders over the weekend.
A source told the newspaper Mr Hancock and Mr Gove were pushing "for more restrictive measures" but of a less intense nature so local authorities could add to them depending on the individual situation. But we must also acknowledge the stark reality of the economic and social impacts of another national lockdown. "Unfortunately, that wasn't listened to".
The United Kingdom. The most lethal outbreak in Europe, with an official death toll of 42,875.
"I fear further action is going to be needed".
Stephen Powis, medical director of the National Health Service in England, said three temporary COVID-19 hospitals in northern England that were mothballed when the outbreak receded over the summer are being readied to admit patients once again in the coming weeks.
The very high tier applies to areas where transmission rates are the highest. Infections have grown more dramatically in older teens and young adults, who typically have moderate symptoms but extend to older and more at-risk populations.
"This is a nationwide phenomenon now", Mr. Van-Tam said.
"Unless the system grows at the same rate as the epidemic, and support is given to people to enable them to adhere to self-isolation, it is likely that the impact of Test, Trace and Isolate will further decline in the future".
Among other restrictions, the hospitality sector in the region will be required to close apart from deliveries and takeaways for food, with the existing closing time of 11:00 p.m. BST (2200 GMT) remaining.
A senior minister on Tuesday admitted that lockdown measures would "probably" have to get tougher to contain the virus.