Nokia released more details of its involvement after an announcement last week by NASA, which said it was giving the company's USA unit $14.1 million for the network.
Bell Labs said astronauts will use its wireless network for data transmission, controlling of lunar rovers, real-time navigation over lunar geography (think Google Maps for the moon), and streaming of high-definition video.
It has been a long time since the space race generated much excitement, but the USA space agency - NASA - has apparently been hatching a cunning plan to build a moon base.
Nokia's lunar network consists of an LTE Base Station with integrated Evolved Packet Core functionalities, LTE User Equipment, RF antennas and high-reliability operations and maintenance control software. This way, astronauts can communicate via voice and video, as well as exchange biometric data through the wireless communications, according to Nokia. Earlier in 2018, Nokia had made the first attempt to launch LTE network on the moon. This means communication between lunar landers, rovers, habitats, and astronauts would be possible thanks to the service, said Jim Reuter, associate administrator for NASA's Space Technology Mission Directorate.
"Establishing a sustainable human presence on the Moon requires the success of the CLPS initiative".
The company informed that it will use its Nokia Bell Labs' pioneering innovations to deploy the compact, low power consuming space hardened LTE solution on the Moon by the end of 2022.
"Reliable, resilient and high-capacity communications networks will be key to supporting sustainable human presence on the lunar surface", Nokia's chief technology officer, Marcus Weldon, said.
The network will be adapted to the moon's unique climate, and will be able to withstand extreme temperatures, radiation, and even rocket landings and launches, which vibrate the moon's surface.