The United States had already approached the bar of 80,000 daily cases in July, largely due to new infections in southern states such as Texas and Florida, where the virus was then spreading out of control. Health officials said that the country recorded at least 81,400 new cases on Friday, surpassing the previous record that was set during the summer surge in cases.
Sixteen states also hit one-day records Friday.
According to Johns Hopkins University reports, the U.S. reported more than 71,000 coronavirus cases on Thursday, marking the nation's single highest daily case count since late July. COVID-19 cases across Italy have risen seven-fold since the start of October and the number of deaths is also climbing.
Nationwide, 76,195 new cases were reported on Thursday, according to a Reuters analysis, just shy of the single-day record high of 77,299 reported on July 16.
Dr. Jay Butler, deputy director for infectious diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said Wednesday afternoon that the agency has noted a "distressing trend" in which coronavirus case numbers are "increasing in almost 75 percent of the country".
The US is the worst-hit country with the world's highest number of cases and deaths at 8,484,991 and 223,914, respectively, according to the CSSE.
"We are heading into a very substantial fall/winter surge", said IHME director Chris Murray, who co-led the research.
The Northeast reported an 83 per cent increase in cases in the past month.
The number of COVID-19 patients in USA hospitals has climbed to a two-month high.
"We expect the surge to steadily grow across different states and at the national level, and to continue to increase as we head towards high levels of daily deaths in late December and in January", he said.
Pennsylvania, a swing state which is expected to play a crucial role in the November 3 presidential election, reported its largest single-day increase in cases since the pandemic began.