Biden and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen spoke to Democratic caucus members Tuesday about coronavirus relief, noting the Republican proposal is too small.
White House correspondent Patsy Widakuswara has this story. The goal is passage by March.
The Senate will vote Tuesday afternoon on whether to open debate on the budget resolution, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said, adding that he was optimistic it would pass because the need for COVID-19 relief was so great. "His view is that the size of the package needs to be commensurate with the crises we're facing".
The White House released a statement that described the talk as substantive and productive.
The outcome will test the new president striving to unify the country but confronting a rising COVID death toll and stubbornly high jobless numbers, with political risks for all sides.
"The president's commitment is to urgently deliver relief to the American people and that's what he's conveyed in every meeting he's had or engagement he's had with Democrats and Republicans", Psaki said.
The Republicans who attended the meeting are pushing a COVID-19 relief proposal about one third the size of Biden's. White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said that the President and the Vice President had a substantive and productive discussion with Republican senators this evening at the White House.
"By sheer volume, Biden is going to be the most active president on this front since the 1930s", said Andy Rudalevige, a professor of Government at Bowdoin College.
Biden said that he's taking on Trump's executive orders on immigration that he described as "counterproductive to our security" and "counterproductive to who we are as a country". However, a deal on this issue could lead to more bi-partisan work.
"We kept trying to emphasize to (Biden) that if we go with the more targeted approach where we can get bipartisan ideas in, we can do this a lot quicker because we've done five of them in the past", she added.
Brian Deese, Biden's national economic advisor, defended the size of the plan during an appearance on NBC's "Meet the Press" on Sunday. But from there, the two plans drastically diverge. Biden proposes $170 billion for schools, compared to $20 billion in the Republican plan. Only individuals making less than $40,000 - and families earning less than $80,000 - would received the full amount of $1,400.
The American Civil Liberties Union says that at least 1,000 of those families are likely to remain separated - parents scattered mostly across Central America and children living with relatives in the United States.
According to Schumer, Biden told Democratic senators he had let the Republicans know "he's willing to make some modifications". Immigration advocates say anybody charged with this task will have to focus on transparency, accountability and involving the stakeholders.
And while Mr. Manchin voted Tuesday to take up the budget, he wants to make sure Republicans have a voice as legislation gets written. "This was before my time in the Senate, but when we've put a tax program on that basis that did not require any Democrat votes through reconciliation, we have a hard time explaining why we're not happy with what they would be doing at this stage". Vice President Kamala Harris is the tie-breaker. Federal court documents put the number at more than 600.
The procedural steps are groundwork for eventual approval under the budget reconciliation process that would allow the bill to pass with a 51-vote majority in the Senate, rather than the 60 votes typically needed.