Twitter on Monday temporarily blocked scores of accounts and tweets in India at the government's request, including those of a prominent news magazine and farmers staging mass protests in the capital.
On Monday evening, most accounts appeared to have been restored.
The IT Ministry asked Twitter to suspend the accounts of users who were tweeting and retweeting with #ModiPlanningFarmerGenocide hashtag, spreading fake news and doing provocative posts, adding that the request had come from the Ministry of Home Affairs and law enforcement agencies.
In further meetings with the officials, Twitter said accounts and tweets in question constitute free speech and were newsworthy, hence they were unwithheld.
"If we receive a properly scoped request from an authorized entity, it may be necessary to withhold access to certain content in a particular country from time to time", a Twitter spokeswoman said in a statement.
However, Twitter did not provide details of the accounts/tweets that were blocked.
Among the individuals whose accounts have been withheld are activists Md Asif Khan and Hansraj Meena, actor Sushant Singh, Prasar Bharati CEO Shashi Shekhar Vempati, and CPI (M) leader Mohammed Salim.
The Delhi Police had warned that 308 Twitter handles have been generated to create confusion over the tractor rally proposed by protesting farmers on Republic Day.
Vinod K. Jose. executive editor, Caravan India, said on Twitter that their official handle was "withheld" without informing them.
Two popular accounts associated with the protest, Kisan Ekta Morcha and Tractor2Twitr, were withheld. Incitement to genocide is a grave threat to public order and therefore, the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MEITY) ordered for the blocking of such Twitter accounts and tweets under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act, according to people closer to the development.
The Twitter account of The Caravan, India's leading investigative journalism magazine, has been withheld in India by Twitter "in response to a legal demand". Twitter stated that, "Public conversation and transparency is fundamental to the work we do at Twitter".
"Transparency is vital to protecting freedom of expression, so we have a notice policy for withheld content".
Thousands of farmers have been protesting at the borders of Delhi against recent farm laws, demanding a complete repeal.
"Using a combination of technology and human review, Twitter worked at scale and took action on hundreds of Tweets that have been in violation of the Twitter Rules and suspended more than 300 accounts engaged in spam and platform manipulation", the spokesperson informed. The internet was also suspended in several parts of the city as a result.