"There is no doubt Mr. Trump engaged in constitutionally protected speech that the House has improperly characterized as incitement of insurrection", lawyer Michael van der Veen said Friday as Trump's legal team argued its case in the Senate.
The Senate wrapped up its session at 6:29 p.m.
After questions, there remains the option for managers to request a debate on witnesses followed by a four-hour window for closing arguments before the final vote on whether to convict Trump.
But many legal scholars dispute that the First Amendment's guarantee of free speech applies to impeachment proceedings at all or that it protects Trump even if it does have some bearing on his impeachment. His lawyers lingered on Democrats' using as evidence Trump telling his supporters to "fight like hell" in his speech preceding the January 6 attack on the Capitol, and they played reels of selectively edited video of Democrats saying the word "fight" to normalize Trump's language. Currently, all but six Republican senators have indicated that they do not believe the trial is constitutional. The vote could come as early as Saturday.
In hours of arguments, the Trump legal team characterized the impeachment case as a politically motivated "witch hunt" - an outgrowth, they said, of years of efforts to drive him from office - and they sought to reduce the case to Trump's use of a single word, "fight", in a speech preceding the January 6 riot.
The Senate rejected that contention as it voted to proceed with the trial. Trump's lawyers say the exhortation to "fight like hell" and other comments were figures of speech not meant to be taken literally.
Donald Trump publicly attacked Mike Pence within minutes of Pence being escorted to safety when the MAGA mob stormed the Capitol.
The defense lawyers also returned to arguments made Tuesday that the trial itself is unconstitutional because Trump is no longer in office.
"I'm sure Trump was concerned", van der Veen said.
"They have clearly demonstrated that their opposition to mobs and their view of using the National Guard depends upon their political views", said van der Veen, a last-minute addition to the defense team who sued Trump in August in a separate case about mail voting.
The core of their presentation was a series of frenetic videos showing Democrats using martial language in political speeches.
It would take a two-thirds majority to convict, meaning 17 Republicans would need to join the Senate's 50 Democrats.
Tommy Tuberville's account of a call he had with Trump that day, during which he says he informed Trump that Pence had been evacuated from the chamber.
"I'm anxious to see what my Republican friends do", Biden told reporters at the White House on Friday.
Schoen said the Democrats case was driven by "political opportunism" and that it skipped basic norms of due process and fairness, though impeachment trials are not equivalent to criminal trials.
"Hatred is at the heart of the house managers' fruitless attempts to blame Donald Trump for the criminal acts of the rioters based on double hearsay statements of fringe right wing groups based on no real evidence other than rank speculation", van der Veen said. He added that he did not think an effort to bar Trump from holding office again under the 14th Amendment would go anywhere. There's no rule against the Senate jurors strategizing with the lawyers in an impeachment trial, though Democrats can use it to raise questions about impartiality.