"We are working closely with Indian officials at both political and experts' level to identify ways to help address the crisis", Psaki said at her daily news conference.
"The United States has identified sources of specific raw material urgently required for Indian manufacture of the Covishield vaccine that will immediately be made available for India", a White House statement said.
"India is one of our Quad partners, of course, in discussing vaccine creation and distribution for the future". Number one, we have a special responsibility to the American people.
He said, "When it comes to India, (there is the) the Quad and the arrangement with the Quad, including to increase production capacity in India".
It listed other initiatives Washington is taking to help India battle its surge, but did not mention sending surplus AstraZeneca vaccine, as a backlash grows over the fate of the United States stockpile of some 30 million doses which have not been approved for use.
As for the rest of the world, "We will, of course, always do as much as we can, consistent with our first obligation", he said.
The United States White House National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan stated on Sunday that the U.S. is "deeply concerned by the severe COVID outbreak in India". They have a situation there where there are variants that have arisen. "That, in turn, poses a threat well beyond the United States". The death toll rose to 1,86,920 with a record 2,263 new fatalities.
"We are working closely with them in the COVID-19 response".
"But it is a dire situation that we're trying to help in any way we can; we just have to see how things go". "When people in India and elsewhere desperately need help, we can't let vaccines sit in a warehouse, we need to get them where they'll save lives", he said.
The United States is deeply concerned by a massive surge in coronavirus cases in India and will race additional support to the Indian government and health care workers, a White House spokeswoman said on Saturday.
"This is a global pandemic and India demonstrates the risk of what can happen if we don't get the pandemic under control everywhere".
He cited the United States rejoining the World Health Organisation and Washington's contribution of $2 billion to the COVAX facility that provides vaccines to developing countries and the promise of $2 billion more to it.
"We also continue to collaborate with our partners in India to battle this at the highest level".
Price first tried to sidetrack the issue of restrictions on vaccine raw materials exports by claiming that the reporter had asked about intellectual property rights for vaccines and that it was a matter for the US Trade Representative (USTR).
The remarks by American officials came as the Biden administration came under intense pressure from various quarters, including the powerful US Chambers of Commerce, lawmakers and eminent Indian-Americans, to ship COVID-19 vaccines along with several life-saving medical supplies to India.
Funeral pyres have lit up the night sky in the worst affected cities, and the country has set a new global record of 350,000 new infections a day, which experts say could be a vast undercount.
He said these vaccine doses will not be needed in the USA, where it's estimated that vaccine manufacturers will be able to produce enough doses by early June to inoculate every American. Indian Foreign Minister S Jaishankar has also held several talks with his USA counterpart Antony Blinken over the raw material of the vaccine.
"That campaign is well underway, and we're doing that for a couple of reasons". "We're looking at what is going to be done with some of the vaccines that we are not using", the president said on Wednesday.