This is the second time that Modi is attending a G7 meeting.
In May, ahead of this week's meeting, the G-7 foreign leaders crafted a statement which called out China by name. And Canada publicly expressed the desire to list the names of two citizens that Beijing detained in retaliation for Canada's arrest of a Huawei executive.
Macron, who like numerous leaders in the Group of 7 had a contentious relationship with former President Trump, said before the meeting, "It's great to have a USA president who's part of the club and willing to cooperate".
"This is not just about confronting or taking on China", the official said.
Modi will participate in another session of the G7 Summit on Sunday, according to the Prime Minister's Office.
The centerpiece of that effort is a new investment program - or "infrastructure bank" - to mobilize billions in public and private resources to support major projects in developing countries as an alternative to China's Belt and Road Initiative.
It's the first section that has been a struggle for diplomats seeking consensus. Given their closer economic ties to Beijing, they have been more eager to join forces behind the scenes to work on issues such as intellectual property protections and trade.
The EU, for instance, previously struck an investment deal with China, although it later put the agreement on hold amid rising tensions with Beijing.
He said Biden would be urging "concrete action" on the forced labour accusations, calling them "an affront to human dignity, and an egregious example of China's unfair economic competition". But at the same time, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, specifically, have reportedly suggested they're anxious about Biden's camp taking things to the point that they could lose any cooperation from China.
As the two men sat outside in woven chairs at the edge of a broad beach, reporters asked Biden if he has convinced USA allies that America is back.
"In line with its obligations under global and national law, we call on China to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms", G-7 foreign ministers said in the joint statement, highlighting alleged abuses in Xinjiang.
"I'll tell you (about it) after I've delivered it", Biden told reporters Friday.
There were no specifics on how the global infrastructure scheme would be funded.
"The "Build Back Better for the World" plan will bring together G7 countries under the UK's presidency to develop an offer for high-quality financing for vital infrastructure, from railways in Africa to wind farms in Asia", the United Kingdom foreign office said. It's an Initiative to free up hundreds of billions of dollars from both government and private industry for developing countries that might be inclined to take funding from China.
The White House announced that the leaders agreed to launch a new initiative to meet infrastructure needs in low- and middle-income countries. It would be funded in part with existing USA contributions to overseas infrastructure financing through the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
Per The Guardian, the Chinese embassy in the United Kingdom released a statement Saturday directed at the G7 that said "the days when global decisions were dictated by a small group of countries are long gone".
The official added: "But until now, we haven't offered a positive alternative that reflects our values, our standards, and our way of doing business".