Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull declared victory on Sunday in a marathon national election, with his coalition government retaining power and the opposition Labor Party conceding defeat.
The Australian Electoral Commission called the winners of all 150 seats, showing the ruling conservative Liberal Party, in coalition with the rural-based Nationals, had secured the 76 seats of Parliament needed to govern.
"He said it was unclear whether that will be a minority government, or a majority government of one or two seats".
On Monday, anonymous conservative MPs said Malcolm Turnbull would now have to kneel at their altar, blaming the close result on some of the changes to superannuation concessions which the government announced five days before the election.
"They've made it clear, with the representatives they have selected, that they expect us to work together", he told a press conference.
With Shorten's centre-left Labor Party out of the running, just two options remain: Either the coalition will form a majority government by a slim margin, or the country will have a hung parliament. The nation is the world's most China-dependent developed economy and needs new growth drivers after prices for its iron ore and coal exports plunged. We know that Turnbull will have to deal with a pretty messy Senate, including Pauline Hanson and likely two more One Nation Senators, but we don't know the final configuration yet.
Despite the election loss it is believed that Shorten has the support of the Labor to continue as leader of the party due to the Labor winning as many as 69 seats compared to 55 in the 2013 election.
"I have spoken to Turnbull early this afternoon to congratulate him and Lucy, and to wish them the very best", Shorten said.
"It is clear that Mr Turnbull and his coalition will form a government", he said.
"I understand we need to make this parliament function and we'll be up for that", he said.
"Whoever said that if they did really say it they should put their name to things like that because it sounds very courageous and chest beating when you say it anonymously but I'd love a person who says things like that to actually put their name to it because without their name, it's just cowardice obviously", Mr Pyne told the ABC in response.
The leader, who was returned to the seat of Maribyrnong in Victoria, has hinted that he will bring in a private member's bill to legalise same-sex marriage when parliament returns.
Mr Turnbull was an ardent critic of the plebiscite proposal before becoming Prime Minister, and has continued to concede there are arguments against it, but defends it as a government policy he inherited from former prime minister Tony Abbott.
Labor regained power in 2007, electing Kevin Rudd the country's prime minister after 11 years of conservative rule.
Opposition leader Bill Shorten is taunting Mr Turnbull at every opportunity and predicting a return to the polls within a year.
While Mr Williams was performing strongly in the postal vote, Mr Georganas was staying ahead thanks to absentee votes.