The 42-year-old Misbah overshadowed the return of fast bowler Mohammad Amir to worldwide cricket after a five-year ban for spot-fixing on the same ground, by smashing 18 fours in his unbeaten 110 after he won the toss and opted to bat first.
His earliest exchanges were eventful, an edge past leg-stump for four first ball off Broad followed by a clonk on the helmet next up.
Those traits were on show Friday and Shah, with Ahmed - now a member of Pakistan's coaching staff - acting as a translator - told Sky Sports that his job was to support the fast bowlers.
"It's nice to get a regular run in the side", said Woakes who only got back into the side this season following an injury to fellow all-rounder Ben Stokes.
But the ball turned and bounced more than he anticipated and the resulting top edge was taken by Mohammad Hafeez at mid-wicket.
The England captain was drawn forward by an excellent delivery from Amir only for Mohammad Hafeez to drop a straightforward catch at first slip. "But luckily I got the five wickets and I'm glad for the team". Later, batting on 55, Cook again edged Amir but Sarfraz Ahmed, the wicketkeeper, went slightly to his left and floored the two-handed chance.
Cook, belying his reputation as a steady run-maker, square-cut Rahat Ali to go to a 60-ball fifty with his 10th four.
Yasir was to take two more wickets before tea, though, James Vince and Gary Ballance both going lbw.
Cook's cut four off Amir took him to 61 and beyond Gavaskar's mark of 9,607 runs as a Test opener.
After lunch Nottinghamshire paceman Ball snared Azhar Ali leg before for just seven runs. Thereafter he dictated terms to the batsmen, none of them appearing to pick his googly including Bairstow, who was the only one to dominate him until a bad misjudgment cost him his wicket.
Amir lost Misbah quickly, undone at the end of his fine 199-ball innings when Broad bowled him on the defence - and after a spirited last-wicket stand with Yasir, it was time finally for the main event.
Moeen Ali, Chris Woakes, Stuart Broad, Steven Finn and Jake Ball will be the part of England's squad at Lord's.