China is demanding that Canada reduce the amount of organic waste materials in Canola seed shipments, also known as "dockage".
Although merchandise trade between Canada and China totaled $75 billion in 2015, up 20 percent from 2010, that's only an eighth of the value of total trade between Canada and the U.S. Trudeau's call for a "more balanced" relationship evokes data that show Canada's imports from China are worth nearly double that of its exports to the country.
Nor has the country forgotten how Trudeau's father, Pierre Trudeau, was among the first western leaders to recognize "new China" when he established diplomatic ties in 1970, later becoming the first Canadian PM to travel there in 1973. The prime minister will also join former National Basketball Association player Yao Ming when he visits a private high school in that city.
During his first day in Beijing, Mr. Trudeau is set to be the guest of Premier Li Keqiang for an "informal evening meeting".
Ahead of the trip, Trudeau faced calls from activists to highlight concerns over human rights abuses, Tibet, and the treatment of Falun Gong practitioners.
"You say you're concerned about human rights issues?"
But better economic ties between the two countries is the major objective, Canadian media reported.
From Canada's perspective, the stakes of the visit are also very high. He referred to public comments recently made by someone whom he only described as a senior Canadian government official.
Trudeau has told reporters that although he was interested in building economic and trade links, he also meant to raise human rights concerns during his visit.
All the while, he will have to navigate several ongoing irritants.
Trudeau says the whole point of Canada engaging with the world is to create opportunities for Canadians and improve the lives of people all over the globe.
Trudeau has also indicated he will once again raise the issue of jailed Canadian Kevin Garratt, who was arrested in China two years ago for espionage.
Alex Lawrence said Freeland has personally raised the issue with Luo and China's minister of commerce.
An industry source said that the sales, which could test China's new approach, may weaken Canada's position, comparing the impact to striking workers crossing a picket line.
Trudeau and many business leaders argue that Canada has much to gain from closer economic ties with a rapidly growing economy and middle class in China, which is already Canada's second-largest trading partner. Canada exports almost four million tonnes of canola seeds to China every year, which is approximately 40 per cent of Canada's yearly canola seed exports. That means Canada imports far more from China than it sells there.
"They're our largest single export market for Canadian canola, so anything that has an influence on trade there is obviously going to be influential and potentially market moving", said Jubinville, adding that canola trade with China is "grinding to a halt" until the issue is resolved, but is unlikely to seize up completely.
Weibo is like a hybrid of Twitter and Facebook and is one of the most popular sites in China.
"We have been talking with the governments of both Canada and China all through this process and what I have seen is both sides, both governments, really want to find a resolution to this and we believe there are alternatives into what China is suggesting".