Slowly, slowly, slowly, slowly, slowly.
Using satellite imagery, victim testimony, government reports and on-the-ground journalistic reports, researchers from the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) reported and mapped a total of 380 suspected facilities in the region that had been built or expanded since 2017.
The researcher's efforts to find as numerous detention facilities in Xinjiang as possible has spanned over two years and involved eyewitness accounts, media reports, scouring satellite images and official construction tender documents.
Immigration offices in Khorgass, a border town in Xinjiang / Kazakhstan.
According to the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, more than 60 detention sites have "seen construction and expansion between July 2019 and July 2020".
Researchers said that examining night-time satellite imagery from Xinjiang was a particularly effective method in compiling the database as it showed newly illuminated areas outside towns where detention centres were being built, while daytime images gave a clearer picture of construction.
Many are also near industrial parks; there have been widespread reports that inmates at some internment camps have been used as forced labor.
China is running hundreds of detention centres in northwest Xinjiang across a network that is much bigger than previously thought, according to research presented Thursday by an Australian think tank.
The white paper shows the real situation and achievements in employment promotion in Xinjiang through facts and data, effectively refuting some Western media's accusations against China on Xinjiang-related issues, Bressler said. Chinese authorities at first denied the existence of inland camps, then described them as vocational training and re-education programs aimed at eradicating poverty and combating the threat of terrorism.
A year ago a senior official claimed that most people held in camps had "returned to society".
Some in the USA talk a lot about "caring for" ethnic minorities in Xinjiang, however, they clearly ignore the major efforts made by the region's local governments to protect human rights and secure employment, Wang said.
Much of the information about the camps, and an extensive official campaign against the Muslim minority in the region, came from survivors who had fled overseas, Chinese official documents and satellite images confirming the camp's location and existence.
People have been targeted for "offences" as trivial as owning a Qur'an or abstaining from eating pork.
They hype up so-called "forced labor" and suppress companies in Xinjiang under such a pretext, which reveals their hypocrisy and hidden intention to contain Xinjiang's growth, sow discord between ethnic groups in China, meddle in China's internal affairs and seek selfish, political gains by playing the China card. Access to camps is limited to selected visitors, who are taken on choreographed tours where inmates are shown singing and dancing.
The largest camp documented in the region, Dabancheng, sits just outside the regional capital of Urumqi. In 2019 the new construction there will extend more than a kilometer long - and now it has about 100 buildings.
One 100,000-square-meter (1 million-square-foot) camp that opened in January in Kashgar, near the Kyrgyzstan border, is comprised of 13 five-story residential buildings surrounded by a 14-meter (45-foot) high wall.
ASPI has divided the camps into four different categories, reflecting levels of fortification and controls on inmates.
At least 70 of the facilities appear to have been "desecuritized", with internal fencing or perimeter walls removed. Eight have been completely canceled.
"This is the lowest number since the Cultural Revolution, with fewer than 3,000 mosques remaining", the report said.
"Of these, about 50 per cent are higher security facilities, which may suggest a shift in usage from the lower-security, "re-education centres" toward higher-security prison-style facilities", said researcher Nathan Ruser.