Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday announced new pledges as part of his country's goal to peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030, speaking at the United Nations Climate Ambition Summit where his USA counterpart was absent.
Tomorrow will mark the fifth anniversary of the historic Paris Agreement when the world pledged to keep the global average temperature rise to below two degrees celsius.
In his speech Saturday, Chinese President Xi Jinping provided further details on his country's medium-term goal for improving energy efficiency and ramping up electricity generated from renewable sources of power such as wind and solar. China's total installed renewable power capacity, including hydrogen, wind, solar and biomass, was 730 million kilowatts at the end of 2018, its National Energy Administration said past year.
He promised to "aim to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030", repeating a pledge he made in September, when the world's second-largest economy said it would achieve net-zero emissions by 2060.
He made no mention of China's coal activities, which remain a large concern as Beijing embraces an increasing role in climate leadership.
"Because if we don't, the alternative is unthinkable", she said.
Only by upholding multilateralism, unity and cooperation can we deliver shared benefits and win-win for all nations, Xi stressed.
The Kazakh President's video message is to include the country's primary approaches to the fight against climate change, adherence to the targets and goals of the Paris Agreement.
As per details, ten world leaders including PM Imran Khan will address the summit.
Biden reiterated his campaign pledge that his administration will set a target of cutting USA emissions to net zero "no later than 2050".
Xi's announcement of China's climate goals before the outcome of the USA presidential election became clear showed that "climate leadership has crossed the geopolitical Rubicon in Beijing's eyes", according to Kevin Rudd, a former Australian prime minister. "Britain now has a mandate to mobilise other countries to follow suit".
During the summit, Bhutan's prime minister Lotay Tshering noted that at least 19 of the world's 46 least-developed countries planned to meet a Paris Agreement deadline to submit a stronger national climate action plan by the end of this year.
Israel and Pakistan vowed to phase out coal-fired power plants.
He added that India has an even more ambitious target now: 450GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030, and the country has also succeeded in expanding its forest cover and safeguarding its biodiversity.
In 2009, wealthy governments agreed to increase climate finance for vulnerable countries to $100 billion annually by 2020, and under the Paris Agreement they said they would negotiate a yet-higher amount that would kick in from 2025.
Japan will work toward a green society through innovations such as next-generation solar cells, carbon recycling and the utilization of hydrogen, he said.
Boris Johnson warned climate change is "far more destructive" than coronavirus as he opened the online United Change conference. "Rather, it will lead to dynamic economic growth".
German Chancellor Angela Merkel told the summit her government would initiate an worldwide process to raise more climate finance for the post-2020 period.
Mr Guterres urged countries that had already announced net-zero targets to make good on their promises and to accelerate emissions cuts in line with the science.
"Over the last four years, however, the world has lost that momentum, and nations and people in every part of the world are feeling the devastating impacts of a changing climate".
Over 122 countries in the climate pact, including China, have communicated their intention to upgrade their goals but have yet to submit new targets, according to a tracker by managed by the Washington-based World Resources Institute.