The sanctions would be part of a set of responses by the USA government to a cyber security breach, which was identified in December and that the U.S. government has said was likely orchestrated by Russian Federation, affecting software made by Solar Winds Corp, and giving hackers access to thousands of companies and government offices that used its products.
Other measures are expected as well, though the administration is not likely to announce them.
The British government said it "made clear the UK's support for the actions announced by President Biden" as Russia's top envoy in London was summoned to see FCDO Permanent Under Secretary Philip Barton.
Among the actions, President Joe Biden issued an executive order authorising the USA government to sanction any sector of the Russian economy and used it to restrict Russia's ability to issue sovereign debt to punish Moscow for interfering in the 2020 United States election, an allegation Russia denies.
"During the 2016 US presidential election campaign, Kilimnik provided the Russian Intelligence Services with sensitive information on polling and campaign strategy", the press release stated.
But, he added, "where possible, the United States will also seek opportunities for co-operation with Russian Federation, with the goal of building a more stable and predictable relationship consistent with USA interests". The White House did not publicly confirm the reports.
DETROW: Of course, you know, as you mentioned, for four years, the Trump administration took a much less confrontational tone with Russian Federation.
Putin and U.S. President Donald Trump meet on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Osaka, Japan, in 2019.
"The Committee found that Manafort's presence on the Campaign and proximity to Trump created opportunities for Russian intelligence services to exert influence over, and acquire confidential information on, the Trump Campaign", the report stated.
After the White House unveiled its measures, the Russian foreign ministry said a response was "inevitable". "In Washington, they must realize that it's necessary to pay for the degradation of bilateral relations".
The sweeping measures are meant to punish Russian Federation for actions that USA officials say cut to the core of American democracy and to deter future acts by imposing economic costs on Moscow, including by targeting its ability to borrow money. But they are certain to exacerbate an already tense relationship between the USA and Russian Federation.
Russia's foreign ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova in a televised briefing said Ambassador John Sullivan had been summoned for a "difficult conversation".
"The United States intelligence community assesses with low-to-moderate confidence that Russian intelligence officers sought to encourage Taliban attacks against US and coalition personnel in Afghanistan in 2019, and perhaps earlier, including through financial incentives and compensation", the official said.
Some 30 entities are expected to face sanctions for the Solar Winds breach or interference in United States elections, with about 10 Russian officials being expelled. Putin later recalled his ambassador to the US and pointed to USA history, including slavery and the atomic bombing of Japan in the Second World War.
It is unclear if these sanctions will be enough to change Russian behavior, the officials said.
"President Biden made no bones about the fact we will be taking actions this week, but he also indicated that he wants to get to that stability in this relationship, and he believes that if President Putin is prepared to do that as well, we can find a course ahead that does not lead to a cycle of confrontation", Sullivan said. And though Trump was often reluctant to criticize Putin, his administration also expelled diplomats in 2018 for Russia's alleged poisoning of an ex-intelligence officer in Britain.
The Biden administration has sent warships to the Black Sea to defend against the military buildup, and Russian Federation has warned the U.S.to stand down.
US officials are still grappling with the aftereffects of the SolarWinds intrusion, which affected agencies including the Treasury, Justice, Energy and Homeland Security departments, and are still assessing what information may have been stolen. The breach exposed vulnerabilities in the supply chain as well as weaknesses in the federal governments own cyber defenses.