It is a historic moment as this is a first powered flight on the Martian surface.
"Now, 117 years after the Wright brothers succeeded in making the first flight on our planet, NASA's Ingenuity helicopter has succeeded in performing this fantastic feat on another world", said Dr. Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for science at NASA Headquarters.
The black-and-white image above is the first sent back to Earth from Ingenuity and was captured with its navigation camera, which only takes lower-resolution black and white images.
"We've been talking so long about our Wright brothers' moment on Mars, and here it is", she added.
For the first time ever, non-rocket powered flight has been achieved on a body other than Earth.
Immediately after the flight, Zurbuchen announced the "airfield" on Mars that is hosting Ingenuity would be called Wright Brothers Field, "in recognition of the ingenuity and innovation that continue to propel exploration".
As Mars has only one percent the atmosphere of Earth, a custom superlight rotor system with a 1.2-meter (4-foot) wingspan was developed, allowing the aircraft to fly at 2,500 RPM - as a point of reference, helicopters on Earth typically fly at 400-500 RPM.
"This first test flight - with more to come by Ingenuity - holds great promise".
Perseverance was able to take images and video of the flight, and NASA says additional details on the test and more images are expected in upcoming downlinks.
If all goes to plan, the 1.8 kilogramme whirligig will slowly ascend straight up to an altitude of three metres above the Martian surface, hover in place for 30 seconds, then rotate before descending to a gentle landing on all four legs. There are a few important potential applications, but the first is that it sets up future exploration missions, making it possible for NASA to use aerial vehicles for future science on the red planet.
Once the software fix was validated using testing environments on Earth, the update was uploaded to Ingenuity and a nominal spin up test was successfully completed, clearing the way for the first flight on 19 April.
As well as high-tech components, the aircraft contains many off-the-shelf smartphone parts that were tested in space for the first time on this mission.
Monday's test flight was originally scheduled for April 12, but NASA delayed it after a crucial spin test ended abruptly. It should be another modest test, but the administration will decide how to "best expand the flight profile".