After dismissing the jury Monday, Cahill criticized Congresswoman Maxine Waters, who is Black and a member of Congress since 1991, for her remarks over the weekend regarding the trial.
The jury of six white members and six Black or multiracial members was sent off to begin making its decision after almost a full day of closing arguments on Monday (local time), in which prosecutors argued Chauvin cruelly squeezed the life out Mr Floyd during an arrest in May past year.
For the second-degree murder charge, 12 jurors will have to agree that prosecutors proved beyond a reasonable doubt that Chauvin committed a felony, in this case assault, that was a substantial cause in Floyd's death.
Mr Chauvin was captured on video kneeling on the neck of Mr Floyd, who was pinned facedown handcuffed on the ground for more than nine minutes complaining "I can't breathe".
In his instructions to the jury, the judge touched on the significance of the case, which comes amid heightened tensions fueled by other police killings. "The law presumes that the jury follows the court's instructions and the court has instructed the jury today that they are not to let any outside influences or public opinion sway their deliberation". "You must not consider any consequences or penalties that might follow from your verdict".
"Use your common sense".
"Believe your eyes", Schleicher said.
"It's exactly what you knew, it's what you felt in your gut, it's what you now know in your heart". The now former police officer, Kim Potter, said she'd confused her Taser with her gun and shot the young man by accident.
"Nine minutes and 29 seconds of shocking abuse of authority. And there's no excuse".
Defense attorney Eric Nelson in his closing argument focused on how "a reasonable police officer" would have handled the situation.
The defense also called a retired police officer who said Mr Chauvin's use of force against Mr Floyd was "justified". "This was not a neck restraint. This was not a choke hold", he said.
"I'm not suggesting this was an overdose death", Nelson said, "but it is a preposterous notion to say that this did not come into play here".
If the jury is "hung", meaning they cannot reach a unanimous decision on the three charges the trial could be deemed a mistrial - even if there is a majority.
Calls for racial justice and police reform have intensified Credit Pool /Shutterstock
Medaria Arradondo, the acting Chief of Police for the Minneapolis Police Department, condemned Chauvin for failing to provide medical assistance, and for his "use of force" that he said violated police protocol.
The prosecutor said the defence argued George Floyd died because his heart was too big.
"He was not trying to hurt anyone".
The most serious charge carries up to 40 years in prison.
Dressed in a light grey suit and dark blue shirt and blue tie, Chauvin took off his face mask to listen to closing arguments, but his face displayed little emotion.
Following the fatal shooting of another Black man in Minneapolis last Sunday, 20-year-old Daunte Wright, tensions in the city are higher than before the start of the trial. "We must protect life and property", Minnesota Governor Tim Walz said Monday. "He knows how it is to lose a family member, and he knows the process of what we're going through".
While demonstrators and protesters will likely take to the streets regardless of the trial's outcome, Floyd asked for them to be "peaceful".
About 300 protesters marched in the streets outside the courthouse shortly after the jury got the case, lining up behind a banner reading, "Justice 4 George Floyd & all stolen lives".
The visibly frustrated judge denied the request but said, "I wish that elected officials would stop talking about this case".
Among the 38 witnesses who testified for the prosecution were some of the bystanders who watched Floyd's arrest for allegedly using a counterfeit $20 bill to buy a pack of cigarettes.
Donald Williams, 33, said he called 911 to report a "murder" after Floyd was taken away in an ambulance.
Medical experts called by the prosecution said Mr Floyd died from hypoxia, or a lack of oxygen, from Mr Chauvin's knee on his neck and that drugs were not a factor.
Another colleague from the Minneapolis Police Department, Lt. Richard Zimmerman, also said that Chauvin's "use of force" was "totally unnecessary" in the circumstances.
With tensions high as a possible verdict nears, two guard members were slightly injured after at least one person opened fire from a auto on a team of troops and police early on Sunday in Minneapolis, authorities said.