States use the numbers and other census data to redraw electoral maps based on where people have moved.
Nationally, the long-awaited announcement from the U.S. Census Bureau slightly reset the balance of power for the next decade in the House of Representatives and the Electoral College, where each state's share of votes is tied to its census numbers.
NY congressional delegation will drop to 26 next year after the once-a-decade reapportionment process is completed.
Steve Katsinas, head of the Education Policy Center at the University of Alabama, praised Alabama's effort in ensuring everyone in the state was counted, but echoed many of Black's concerns about rural population loss.
Additionally, Colorado, Florida, Montana, North Carolina and OR will each gain one seat in Congress. For much of the past decade, the state was projected to potentially lose one of its seats, as slow growth in Alabama trailed the population boom in states like Florida and Texas.
Each House member will represent an average of 761,169 people.
The reapportionment can come down to razor-thin margins.
The state held onto its eight seats by the narrowest of margins, Census Acting Director Ron Jarmin said in an online presentation. Republicans in those three states have in the past engaged in aggressive gerrymandering, the practice by which maps are deliberately redrawn to benefit one party over another.
Also, the rules the state they will use to redraw the districts were revamped just a year ago when voters repealed parts of a first-of-its-kind 2018 initiative for drawing fair and competitive legislative districts. Redistricting data will be provided by September 30, officials said.
Washington's no-change status at the U.S. House level could take some of the drama out of the state's 2021 redistricting process, set to begin this month.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 2019 that federal courts have no power to restrict political gerrymandering, although racial gerrymandering - which aims to curb the political power of specific racial or ethnic groups - remains unlawful.
Not only did New Jersey not lose a House seat this time, the state was the 10th in line to receive an additional seat had there been more than 435 to hand out, according to Census Bureau calculations.
The shift of seven seats among 13 states was the smallest number of seats moving among states in any decade since the current method of calculating them was adopted in 1941, officials said.
Based on the bureau's estimates, the latest tally is likely to show that the growth in the number of people living in the USA has slowed to the lowest rate the country has seen since the 1940 census was conducted in the wake of the Great Depression.
NY managed to avoid taking a bigger hit after the census count showed the state's overall population grew by about 4.2% from 19.37 million in 2010 to 20.2 million past year.
'The bigger issue is that indeed we have seen all decade a continuation of this trend of leaving the Northeast and the Upper Midwest and heading South and heading West.
The state legislature and Gov. Andrew Cuomo ultimately control redistricting.
The territory of Puerto Rico, which was devastated by Hurricane Maria in 2017, has seen its population decrease by 11.8% since 2010.